SSH Two Factor Authentication on FreeBSDWed 02 July 2014 by feld
Setting up two factor auth for SSH on FreeBSD is actually quite simple. This can be achieved with minimal effort via the security/pam_google_authenticator port.
# pkg install pam_google_authenticator
Edit /etc/pam.d/sshd and add the following line at the top of the list:
auth required /usr/local/lib/pam_google_authenticator.so
Now each user has to generate their two factor authentication with the google-authenticator commmand if they want to login via ssh with a password. If they have an SSH key it will bypass the need for the two factor authentication. Here's an example of the process:
$ google-authenticator Do you want authentication tokens to be time-based (y/n) y https://www.google.com/chart?chs=200x200&chld=M|0&cht=qr&chl=otpauth://email@example.com%3Fsecret%3DXD2SJCBPO2NAMGTS Your new secret key is: XD2SJCBPO2NAMGTS Your verification code is 666608 Your emergency scratch codes are: 83144609 39391374 49272727 99788106 18387881 Do you want me to update your "/home/feld/.google_authenticator" file (y/n) y Do you want to disallow multiple uses of the same authentication token? This restricts you to one login about every 30s, but it increases your chances to notice or even prevent man-in-the-middle attacks (y/n) y By default, tokens are good for 30 seconds and in order to compensate for possible time-skew between the client and the server, we allow an extra token before and after the current time. If you experience problems with poor time synchronization, you can increase the window from its default size of 1:30min to about 4min. Do you want to do so (y/n) y If the computer that you are logging into isn't hardened against brute-force login attempts, you can enable rate-limiting for the authentication module. By default, this limits attackers to no more than 3 login attempts every 30s. Do you want to enable rate-limiting (y/n) n